According to the latest National House-Building Council (NHBC) figures 31,038 new homes were registered during the period, up from just 17,859 during the same three months of 2009.
Private developers led the rebound with a 113% jump in registrations year-on-year to 20,538.
All regions of the UK saw an increase in the number of properties being built, with the South East leading the recovery with 4,768 new homes.
The West Midlands saw the biggest increase, with the number of homes being built rising by nearly threefold year on year, followed by Greater London, where registrations were more than double.
Overall public sector housing registrations rose by 28% during the same period to 10,500.
Imtiaz Farookhi, chief executive of the NHBC, said: “Our figures show a steady improvement in the number of homes being built in the UK, indicating that the industry has consolidated and built on the improved conditions seen over the past months.
“The challenge will be to sustain this growth against the backdrop of an uncertain environment, as the new coalition settles in and sets out its strategy for meeting the country’s housing needs.”