After four years in post, Philip White is moving on to lead another key division at HSE.
She will head a division of 260 specialist inspectors, policy officials and support staff.
Despite significant improvements in recent years, construction remains one of Britain’s most dangerous industries – 49 people were killed and 2,884 seriously injured in 2011/12.
Bryant said:“To its credit, the sector has already been making good progress in reducing the number of people killed, injured or made unwell by its activities.
“We must continue that momentum, working with others to be part of the solution. I am looking forward to working with the whole industry to ensure that progress continues and our regulations are properly focused on dealing with real risks, not needless process and paperwork.”